THE ISLAMIC SCIENCES IN THE WESTERN WORLD (MIDDLE AGES - RENAISSANCE) EXCHANGES, TRANSMISSION, INFLUENCE
From the XIth century on, and during many centuries, at least till the Renaissance, the scientificexchanges between the Islamic world and Medieval Europe have been profound, intense and durable. Those exchanges have been essentially based on the diffusion, transmission and translation of written texts concerning the entire spectrum of the scientific knowledge of Medieval and Renaissance Europe, from philosophy to mathematics, from magic to alchemy, from astronomy and astrology to medicine and pharmacology and so on.
The penetration of the Islamic sciences in Europe provoked, till the XIth-XIIthcenturies, an unedited large and durable translating work – the first in Europe before the Renaissance, particularly in Sicily, Salerno and Toledo. Some of the translated Islamic texts (Avicenna, Averroes) became standard works in the European Universities.
In the last decades a large scholarly work demonstrated how profound was the transmission, diffusion and influence of the Islamic sciences to Medieval and Renaissance Europe. To offer the actual state of the art to a large cultivated public, by prominent scholars of Europe and of the Islamic World, is the scope of the international Conference organized under the auspices of the International Union of the Academies in collaboration with Royal Institute for Inter-Faith Studies. The Amman Conference is intended to enrich the program of the Transcultural Conferences of the International Union of the Academies which already started with the following themes:
• The Impact of Arabic Sources on Divination and the Practical Sciences in Europe and Asia. Erlangen, International Consortium for Research in the Humanities, 21-23 January, 2014;in collaboration with the Centre for the History of Arabic Studies in Europe, WaburgInstitute, London; published in Micrologus. Nature, Sciences and Medieval Societies, vol.XXIV, SismelEdizionidelGalluzzo, Florence 2016;
• Fate, Longevity, and Immortality: Europe-Islam-Asia. Erlangen, International Consortium for Research in the Humanities, 23-25 February, 2016).
The major disciplines – philosophy, medicine, pharmacology, mathematics, astronomy, magic, alchemy, culinary knowledge and so on – will be scrutinized in order to present a synthesis of the scholarly achievements of the last decades on the diffusion and the influence of the Islamic sciences in
Europe, during the Middle - Ages and the Renaissance.